The Slovak and Aggtelek Karst,

UNESCO list of World Cultural and Natural Heritage

There are not many places left in the world where there are so many natural beauties treasures and cultural attractions in one coherent territory. The Slovak Karst National Parkjointly with the adjacent Aggtelek Karst in Hungary pertains to such locations. By its territory it is the largest karst land in Central Europe. It is a huge limestone plain with mildly waved surface that was in the ancient geologic times of the Earth history left asymmetrically and is slightly sloping southward. Deep canyon like valleys of the river Slana and Štítnik, flowing from North divide this unique land into smaller sections: Koniarska planina /plateau/, Plešivská planina and Silická planina, that is separated from the Zádiel and Jasov plateaus by the Turnianska kotlina/basin in the East.
 

Unlike the surrounding mountain chain that is characterised by rich and segmented relief, the Slovak Karst stands out by well developed karst relief with a plenty of karst forms. There are especially karrens, creating sometimes considerable karren fields (e.g. in Kečovo region  and Silická Brezová), karst holes (sinks), wide valleys (north from the village Silica), karst holes (the most typical ones are the so called Bučina/Beech woods), saddles, blind and half blind valleys (north from Silická Brezová). The total character of the territory is completed by small karst lakes (not far from Silice), deep canyon like valleys and gorges (Zádiel, Hájska gorge), underground hollows, rich underground streams welling on root of the mountain slopes as karst resurgences, abysses and cave systems. The most attractive formations for the tourists are the Gombasecká, Domica, Krásnohorská caves and the Silická ice cave thatenlarged by Ochtinska Aragonite cave, Dobsinska Ice cave and Stratenska caves jointly with the Aggtelek National Park caves in Hungary have been listed in the UNESCO World Cultural and Nature Heritage List since 1995. The unique conditions of this territory are reflected in the variety of its flora and fauna characterised by wide spread forests and forest steppes that in some places go into steppe zone. The picturesque Silická planina the largest Slovak plateau is a real natural jewel whose periphery is bordered by huge, steep slopes,  measuring 400 meters in some places. In the Slovak karst there are registered more than 1 200 caves presenting a great, varied and unimpaired underground world hiding a lot of natural and cultural secrets. The dominant formation is the Baradla – Domica cave system. The Silická planina offers a wide range of deep abysses, karst joints and rare karst phenomena, for example the 180 meters deep abyss Brázda/Furrow that is a natural cultural heritage.
 

This region offers for all the travellers, tourists and incidental visitors a plenty of cultural and historical sights. Among all the sights the most amazing ones on the Slovak territory are the well preserved Krásna Hôrka castle, the historical centre of the town Rožňava, the Betliar chateau, the Andrássy family mausoleum in Krásnohorské Podhradie. In Hungary there are splendid castles and mansion houses in Jósvafő, Szin, Szinpetri, or the traditional folk architecture in Perkupa.
 

Here we would like to propose you the most interesting and beautiful sights you can find in the territory of the Slovak Karst if you wish to make trips, excursions or adventures (e.g. Krásnohorská cave) or to study the local region, history (chateau and park in  Betliar), and we offer you some information that might help you as a visitor of the Aggtelek National Park or the National Park of the Slovenský kras / Slovak Karst.


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